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Camera Lenses Explained and details

examples so you can actually see exactly what lenses look like on certain cameras as well as share some tips along the way but first there’s three questions that you want to ask yourself when picking out a lens and the first one is what are you shooting and that’s your subject matter you know in some cases maybe you’re shooting a bride or you’re shooting a wedding and you’re doing video and you want the image to be more flattering on maybe a body type or a body shape that’s gonna go into lens choice the second question that you want to ask is where are you shooting and then when you start to think about that maybe the place you’re shooting is gonna have a low light condition so you need a lens that will actually do well in that or maybe it’s a really tight constrained place so even though you want a certain look you only have so much space to deal with that’s going to influence your lens choice as well and then the third question to ask yourself is what is your budget because there’s a lot of amazing lenses and amazing glass on the market but it also can get pretty expensive so it might be out of reach depending on what project you’re working on or what finance.

you have available but in this video, we’re gonna be focusing mainly on just the basic kit lenses and actually a lot of affordable lenses kind of for creating YouTube videos but a lot of the tips and principles will apply even for higher-end lenses, okay the first lens that we’re gonna check out is the canon 18 to 55 kit lens so this is the lens that you’re gonna get included with most DSLRs and even other brands that you would buy this is a pretty standard focal range so let’s throw it on the camera so you can actually see what it looks like at the different focal lengths alright so right now you’re seeing the kit lens at 18 millimetres and obviously when it’s zoomed out like this.

it’s too far so the way we’d compose the shot is we move the camera forward so it gets closer to me but this brings up one of the first kind of most important things about lenses is that the different focal lengths create different distortion in the image so what I mean is now the shots pretty good but there’s a little bit of bending to it and actually if I’m right in the centre of the image it’s actually kind of make me appear a little bit thinner because it’s gonna kind of squeeze me down here in the middle so what you would actually want to do to kind of get a different shot dynamic is move the camera back so we’re gonna go back to where it’s about mm 8 to 10 feet from me and you could see me on the other angle here now.

we actually zoom the camera into more like 55 or somewhere where it’s more a little like 35 millimetres or something like that and now you’re actually going to kind of create more of true-to-life body shape for your subject so what you’re actually seeing right now is 30 millimetres on the kit lens and so it gives you kind of a good idea of how you would position the camera as well as the shot and if we wanted to kind of the same shot composition but to see how it changes the way my body looks we can move the camera even further back and then we’ll zoom in all the way to 55 millimetres as far as this kit lens goes to kind of get that shot composition and again now my whole kind of body should be fuller because of the lens compression when you’re zoomed in kind of gives you a whole different shot and it’s going to give you less on the edges.

it’s not going to be a wide shot but it even changes the way your set looks but to do this you need a little more space because now the cameras about 15 feet away from me and because we’ve got this mic with the wire going on we’re able to actually do this but this gives you kind of an idea how different focal lengths adjust how the image looks not just how large it is now for our next comparison let’s talk about vlogging a little bit now most vloggers typically want a wide shot if you’ve ever used a camera where you felt like it was just right in your face because it was zoomed in so much that’s why a lot of these point shoot cameras are pretty popular.

they start pretty wide but let’s compare it now this is a canon g7x it’s a focal length of 24 millimeters up to a hundred millimetres and the Sony rx100 and different cameras like that have similar focal lengths so let’s look at a shot of what 24 millimetres actually would look like so this is 24 millimetres and as you can see I have this Joby Gorillapod SLR which helps me get the camera a little bit further away but you can see how far I have to hold it with my arm here as well as what the shot composition is here and then again this is at 24 millimetres so now let’s cut over to the canon SL 2 at 18 millimeters to see the difference between 24 and 18 okay so now we’ve got the Canon SL 2 DSLR with the kit lens at 18 millimeters and so you can see kind of how far it is and now here’s the shot composition compared to the 24 millimeter starting focal length of the g7 X and so you have a pretty good wide shot here but what’s nice about having you know a DSLR is you could go as wide as the 10 to 18 to really give you a different perspective and this is very popular for vloggers so then again this was 18 millimeters now let’s check out what 10 millimeters looks like on the Canon SL 2 DSLR ok so now we’ve got the 10 to 18 lens on the Canon SL 2 and so here’s what this shot looks like at 10 millimetres and as you can see it’s super wide but this is one reason why this kind of setup is pretty popular particularly for vlogging because number one you also don’t even have to hole the camera as far away and there’s other shots you saw how stretched out my arm was with this gorilla pod as well but you can even hold the shot in a little bit closer and get still a very wide shot as you can see kind of here and now this gives you that idea and again with the kit lens you started at 18 but you could zoom in to 55 this one allows you to also zoom in to 18 so if you have these two lenses you could go from 10 to 18 and then you could go from 18 to 55 and kind of complete focal length options depending on your setup of lenses so so far we’ve looked at a kit lens 18 to 55 we’ve looked at the 10 to 18 wide-angle lens and one of the things that we learn is that no lens solves every problem like that’s why you got to ask those questions you know what are you shooting where are you shooting one of the things that’s great about a wide-angle lens is you can pull off some very tight shots if you have a limited space you can actually get some pretty.

creative things done with it but also the wide-angle lens creates kind of distortion it creates some different warping you usually want to be a lot closer if you’re a subject to the wide-angle lens or else you kind of get small and off into the distance whereas if you can zoom in more there is less distortion and it’s actually a little bit more professional feeling sometimes youtubers we want that wide-angle vibe where it kind of like bends things a bit kind of has like a quirkiness kind of a cool vibe to it but if you really want to be professional and kind of have like that almost film look almost you know that’s less quirky look to it that’s why you a lot of times would be using more zoomed in kind of portrait or telephoto lenses so now let’s actually cut over to some examples so you can actually see side-by-side footage and photos of what different focal lengths look like and what they actually do to your subject when you use them alright so right now you are seeing the 10 to 18 at 10 millimeters so it’s a very wide shot.

we’ve talked about it definitely creates Distortion right it kind of actually probably squeezes down my face a little bit makes me a little bit thinner in the side and then stretches the outside of the image so when I put my arms out like this my make them look nice and crazy so this has definitely got distortion to it so throughout this test we’re gonna try to keep the same composition but what we’re gonna have to do is move the camera back each time and so next up we’re gonna go to the kit lens and actually go to 18 millimeters so you can see what that looks like alright so right now you’re seeing the kit lens at 18 millimeters so now distortion is beginning to be removed quite a bit but this is still definitely a wider angle perspective and so next up we’re gonna be going to the 24 millimeter and this is actually one of my favorite Canon lenses because it’s super affordable and it also is a little bit faster and what we mean by that is that the aperture goes all the way to 2.8 this camera starts at aperture at number four that’s f/4 which means it’s not as good in low-light so this is a great lens to have in your bag if you want a little bit of a blurry background on some shots and you also want shots where there isn’t a lot of light you’re shooting at night .

you don’t have lighting situations like that so now let’s go from 18 to 24 ok so right now you are seeing the 24-millimetre lens and you could get the same look just with the kit lens you could go to 24 millimetres but one of the reasons why I wanted to share this lens is because it is one of my favourite lenses it’s you know f 2.8 so it’s a little bit faster it’s good in low light it’s still very affordable we actually have a whole video out about my favourite budget Canon lenses so actually link that upon the YouTube card as well as in the description below but with this lens now a lot of the distortion is gone it’s got a great vibe to it and it looks.

now you’re seeing the kit lens on a Canon 70d zoomed in to 55 millimeters and this is what it looks like and as you can see from this angle over here Omar is now about 15 or more feet away so now you’re getting kind of impractical for maybe shooting indoors unless you have a wider space to have the camera further from you that’s why I said I like that 24 millimeter focal length because it’s kind of in between and as you go up into these higher focal lengths 55 you’re getting more towards a portrait look so people that want to shoot photography that really gets the accurate image of what the person looks like and it has that good portrait vibe you usually want to have at least 55 millimeters or higher it’s popular to do that at like 70 or even 80 millimeters so this kind of has gone through those basic focal lengths so now let’s cut over and share some final thoughts for picking out the right lens for video okay so you just saw how different lenses make the image look different and now I want to talk just a little bit about what lenses we use the most at think media and why and the first lens that we use the most really is that 10 to 18 and so whether that’s when we’re shooting on Canon will use the 10 to 18 lens this is on an SL 2 right now but even on Sony and we’ve been shooting mostly on this because of 4k and this is Sony a 6500 with the 10 to 18 lens we went on just kind of did a photo shoot.

she’s expecting you know we’re the godparents excited about this situation but besides all that you can see some of these photos I wanted kind of a more dynamic lens and I didn’t really want any wide shots you know I wanted those more flattering kinds of portrait angles and so that’s why I went with a 24 to 70 okay so I hope that this video has been helpful so far and this is kind of meant to be a super kind of basic overview and introduction to the subject and I’ll definitely be going in future videos more in-depth into what lenses to pick out and why I mean there’s other lenses that also relevant for photography or if your shooting event video you might want to use telephoto if you’re shooting some you know like detailed objects and you want to get really close to objects maybe like a wedding ring or something there’s macro lenses for that and then when you get into the difference between full-frame camera.


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